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A part of ancient Greece included one and a half thousand independent city-states. And the largest among them were Athens. Each of the cities issued their own laws and kept the army, their foreign policy often led to wars.

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The highest management body of the city was a general meeting of adult male townspeople. In other states, a collegium of the richest townspeople, called oligarchs, or - the "ruling minority" rules.

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For the affluent Greek women, an idle way of life was used, their main interest was the purchase of jewelry and ornaments. It was believed that they did not need to study or work. Even their own babies were fed specially hired milk slaves.

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There were also women in Greek society who opposed this way of life. They were called heters. They were educated and lived an independent life. The society considered the heather as a bad wife, so they rarely married.

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Talking about interesting facts about Ancient Greece, we note that the ancient Greek women on average lived 36 years, a little longer than men - to 45. The death rate among newborns was tremendous, in the first year of their life half of the babies died.

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Monetary unit of ancient Greece was drachma, and its hundredth part was a mite. From those times to the present day, the expression "to contribute" was reached.

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The first Greek coins were minted in full-face images of heroes and gods. Since they quickly erased their nose, they began to produce coins with profiles.

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Hellas, we owe the concept of democracy. Let's note - surprising activity of voters at that time was a consequence of a payment to the townspeople who have come on elections.

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Mathematics became a theoretical discipline among the ancient Greeks. The founders of many of its sections were Pythagoras, Euclid and Archimedes.

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According to the customs of the time, the Greeks were exposed for physical exercises.

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Running was the only discipline of the first thirteen Olympic Games.

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As awards, ancient athletes received branches of olive trees, olive wreaths and amphorae with olive oil.

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Drinking undiluted wine was considered bad form. It was diluted with sea water, maintaining a ratio of 1: 7, because of the high cost of fresh water. Throughout the day, this wine mixture was consumed as a soft drink.

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Its name was given to Athens in honor of the Greek goddess. Legend has it that she gave the city-state olive tree, her rival - Poseidon presented Athena with water. Having understood that the water was salted, the townspeople called the winner Athena.

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According to legend, the usual barrel served as the home of the philosopher Diogenes. In real life it was a pithos - a vessel of large clay, buried in the ground. Usually it was used as a container, where grain was stored.

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The progenitor of the world guidebooks for tourists was called "Description of Hellas". It refers to the II century AD. The author of this work, consisting of 10 books, they are considered Pausanias, recommending readers to visit the most attractive places in Greece, gives detailed descriptions of theaters, beautiful statues and magnificent temples. Do not forget the guide to tell about the traditions and customs of the places described.