Interesting facts about Africa - photo# 1

By its area - about 22% of the world's land area, Africa is the second largest continent on the planet.

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Taking into account the island states near the continent, and the disputed territory of Western Sahara, there are 54 sovereign states.

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The number of their population is about one billion people. In the last four decades, the number of inhabitants of the continent has grown at a rapid pace, which enabled the demographer to talk about a real demographic explosion. As a result, the average age of local residents is relatively low. A good half of the citizens of many African states are under 25 years of age.

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The most widespread on the continent was the Arabic language with several of its dialects. The bulk of the population, speaking Arabic, lives in northern Africa. The peoples of the continent use about 2000 languages.

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The most populous African country of Nigeria has 145 million inhabitants. In Egypt, considered the second most populated country, the population is 76 million.

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Cairo, the Egyptian capital, is considered an African city with the largest number of inhabitants. It is inhabited by almost 17 million citizens.

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The largest country in Africa is Sudan - its territory is 2.5 million km ². The area of the smallest African state - the Seychelles does not exceed 453 km ².

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Researchers in the field of African demography have counted on the continent at least 3 thousand expressed ethnic groups. For example, Nigeria is inhabited by more than 370 tribes and nationalities.

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The longest river on the planet is the Nile. It flows through the African continent, overcoming at the same time 6650 kilometers of track.

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With a water surface of 69,490 km², Lake Victoria, located in Africa, ranks second among all freshwater lakes in the world.

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It is believed that the tourist glory of Egypt brought his pyramids. But few people know that the Sudan has a pyramid twice that of Egypt - there are 223. The smaller popularity of the Sudanese pyramids is due to their smaller size and more shallow sides of the structures.

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Speaking about the most interesting facts about Africa, one must tell about her animal world. Note cheetahs, antelopes Thompson and Gnu, as well as lions - these are the fastest representatives of the animal world. It turns out that out of five world "record holders" four are Africans. They are quite available running at a speed exceeding 80 km / h, but a cheetah with its 112 km / h will overtake all the others.

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The African continent is rich in minerals. However, it is very undeveloped, and the population of its countries has an amazingly low standard of living. The daily average income of a poor person living outside the Arab part of the continent is 70 cents.

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Many scientists are sure - great apes, and also people originated from East Africa - its center. The approximate age of the most ancient remains of Homo sapiens, discovered in Ethiopia, dates back 200,000 years.

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Not far from Ethiopian village Hadar in 1974 found the skeleton of a humanoid creature. He was given the name "Lucy" and was given the honorary title of common ancestor of all mankind. These creatures lived 3.2 million years ago. Later, in 1979, in Tanzania, researchers were rewarded with the discovery of the oldest prints of human feet. These two discoveries have been proved by scientists in their theory of the origin of mankind in northeastern Africa.

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The tribes of hunter-gatherers who inhabited the continent, before the birth of the civilization of Egypt, showed no interest in the creation of states.

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According to scientists, the domestication of plants in Africa occurred much later than animals. It is believed that the animals were first domesticated by the African tribes for 6 thousand years before our era.

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The most ancient African civilization recognized the state of the Pharaohs in the days of Ancient Egypt. Years of its existence date from 3,300 years BC and up to 343 years.

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The first appearance of Europeans on the North African coast occurred with the arrival of Alexander the Great in Egypt - dated 332-m year BC. By that time the foundation of the city of Alexandria was also included. Later, the African north coast began to include the composition of its territories by the Roman Empire.

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At the beginning of our era, the list of African lands included 3 regions: Egypt, Libya and Ethiopia. It is interesting that under Ethiopia was meant the continental part, lying to the south of the Sahara desert.